by Mrs. William Sumner Crosby
I have retyped the
following book soley for the non-commercial use and enjoyment of HOOPER
family researchers and for those other family names that are listed
in this book. You may not, therefore,
copy or reproduce this material in any form for profitable consumption.
I am making every effort to be true to the original type and
content. This is a painstaking undertaking and
very time consuming, so if you notice an incorrectly spelled word, it
is most likely how it appears in the book,
as I have done extensive proofing and reproofing of my typing.
No editorial comments will be made, except to signify a clarification
will be placed in brackets such as these: [ ].
Any words that appear in the book in italic script will be placed
between *'s in this transcription.
All noted linage numbers that appear in the book beside a persons name
shall appear here
between parathetic marks such as these: ( ).
Also, I am double spacing between the paragraphs for ease of read,
which is not how it appears in the book.
I do not, currently, have any other research or data on New England
but you never know, sometimes all roads lead back to Rome! Enjoy
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Copyright Notice ~ See Bottom of Page
book:] WILLIAM HOOPER
[1st inside page:] A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH
EIGHT GENERATIONS OF HOOPERS
IDOLENE SNOW (HOOPER) CROSBY
MRS. WILLIAM SUMNER CROSBY
PRINTED FOR PRIVATE CIRCULATION
No._______ [18 is handwritten in]
[Next page info:] GEO. H. ELLIS CO.,
PRINTERS, 272 CONGRESS ST., BOSTON.
[Then begins the book:]
A HOOPER FAMILY IN AMERICA.
This genealogical sketch of one line of Hoopers in
America has been prepared for the benefit of the children of Mrs.
Sumner Crosby (Idolene Snow Hooper), now living in Alameda, Cal.
No attempt has been made by the compiler of these records, (a
grandmother of the children), to establish a distinguished name.
Like most families in New England, this family of Hoopers is of good
Mr. J. N. Larned, the learned historian, in "Books,
Culture, and Character," suggests the thought that human life is lived
on a narrow strand, between two great oceans, -- the Ocean of Time Past
and the Ocean of Time to Come. When you turn, looking futureward,
see nothing with certainty: it is veiled by an impenetrable
mist. But, if you look to the other sea and look out upon that
measureless expanse of Time Pst, you will see that it is covered with
ships. Those ships come sailing to us in numbers beyond out
counting. They bring us the story of a forgotten life, with its
experience, its wisdom, its warnings, its counsels, its consolations,
and its discoveries. What if there were no ships to bring us all
It is through our ancestors that we learn the way in
which American independence was won and the Federal Republic of the
United States was constructed. It is through these ancestors that
we learn of Bunker Hill and George Washington, we learn of the coming
of the "Mayflower," and the planting of life in the New World from Old
"And yet there are those men and women who live as though no ship had
come to them from the far shores of old Time, where their ancestry
and the interest of existence to them is huddled in the petty space of
own few years, between walls of mist which thicken as impenetrably
them as before." It is the hope of this grandmother, that the
of Mrs. Sumner Crosby will not accept life on such narrow terms; that
will not be content to live in ignorance of their own ancestors; that
through a study of the lives of these ancestors they may come to have a
knowledge of the history of Time Past.
In England and in America, in the early records,
the surname of Hooper is spelled in various ways. In England we
the name as "Hope, Hoope, Hupper, Hopper, anhd Hooper." In the
"Province of Mayne" records, as late as 1761, in the same deed, you
will find the
name written as "hupper, hopper, and Hooper," referring to the same
and this is equally true in the "mayne" wills.
It is probable that the surname of Hooper was first
used in England about the year 1275. There is no record to show
that it is older than this date. Whether the name was originally
derived from a "trade," as Bowditch claims in his "Origin of New
England Family Names," is not now known.
"In 1275 William le Hopore possessed lands in
Dorset, England. In 1325 the name of Hooper is found in the
county of Somerset. The name of Hooper was in the Norman French
term for cloth merchant, and it may be presumed that the family which
bore it was foreign."--*The Norman People*, p. 289.
The name of Hooper does not appear in the
For the benefit of these granchildren it may be well
to insert the following:--
"Doomsday Book, (so called because its decision was
regarded as final) a book containing a digest, in Norman French, of the
results of a census or survey of England undertaken by order of William
Conqueror and completed in 1085. It consists of two volumes in
a large folio containing 382 pages and a quarto containing 450.
form a valuable record of the ownership, extent, and value of the lands
England (1) at the time of the survey, (2) at the date of bestowal when
had been granted by the king, and (3) at the time of Edward the
Confessor, when a somewhat similar survey had been made; the numbers of
tenants and dependents, amount of live stock, et., were also
returned."--*The Century Dictionary*, vol, ii.
There are many genealogist, as shown in printed
family histories, who seem to care more for glory than for truth; and
hence you find these same families claiming descent from "William the
Conqueror" (when it is not from Charlemagne), whose family surname had
its birth long years after this "survey" was made in England, in
1085. Not always is it dishonesty, but is the result of either
carelessness or ignorance on the part
of the family.
John Hooper (written also hup'er and hop'er [with 2
dots above the "o"]) was an English Protestant bishop. All
authorities agree that he was born in Somersetshire, in England, about
the year 1495. This Bishop Hooper is the most distinguished
member of the English family of Hoopers. "While a student at
Oxford, he was converted to the Protestant faith. In 1539, to
escape the Bloody Statutes of Henry VIII, he retired from England, and
passed several years in Zurich. At the death of Henry he settled
in London, where he became an eminent and eloquent preacher. In
1550 he was made Bishop of Gloucester, and in 1552 received the
bishopric of Worcester in *commendam*. Soon after the accession
of Mary he was condemned as a heretic, and, refusing to recant, was
burned at the stake in 1553. He wrote numberous theological
works." (See Burnet, History of the Reformation.)
John Fox, in his "Book of Martyrs," writes, "John
Hooper was married in Zurich to a Burgonian" (p. 323).
In 1635, on the thirteenth day of July, the ship
"James," sailing from the port of London, England, for the New England,
brought among its passengers two young men, one William Hooper, age
the other Thomas Marshall, age twenty-two. This William Hooper
destined to become the father of the family of Hoopers in
No one has ever searched the English records to see from whence came
William Hooper to New England, and in the absence of such proof, it is
a matter of conjecture with the compiler of these records as to where
Hooper's home was in England.
"The under written names, *Persons of Quality*, are
to be transported to New England imbarqued in the James, Jno. May, Mr,
for N. E. p. Cert: from the ministers of the conformitie in
Religeon: and that they are no subsedy men: William Hooper
age 18: Thomas Marshall age 22: porte of London, July 13,
1635."--*Original Lists: J. C. Hotten*, p. 107.
After this date (1635) there is no record of any
one bearing the surname of Hooper in New England until 1642, when the
of William Hooper appears in the First Church records in the town of
"Redding," Mass., as one of the "original members" in this
church. This record has also the name of "Elizabeth
Hooper." Whether this Elizabeth Hooper was the wife of William it
will be difficult to prove; but it is probable that she was, from the
fact that her name did not appear before 1642 in
any other record, neither does it appear after this date. If so,
was a first wife, for in 1669 and in 1679 the wife of William Hooper
"Ruth Hooper." In this same church record are the names of Thomas
Marshall and Elizabeth Marshall, his wife. Pope, in his "Pioneers
of America," claims that William Hooper was a "weaver," and Thomas
a "shoemaker." It is interesting to note that the surname of the
of English Poetry," Geoffrey *Chaucer*, signifies "Shoemaker."
Dictionary of Proper Names, p. 239.)
"My angel, -- his name is Freedom, --
Choose him to be your king;
He shall cut pathways east and west,
And fend you with his wing.
"I will have never a noble,
No lineage counted great;
Fishers and choppers and plooughmen
Shall constitute a state.
"Go cut down trees in the forest,
And trim the straightest boughs;
Cut down trees in the forest,
And build me a wooden house.
"Call the people together,
The young men and the sires,
The digger in the harvest field,
Hireling and him that hires;
"And here in a pine state-house
They shall choose men to rule
In every needful faculty,
In church, and state, and school.
"Lo, now! if these poor men
Can govern the land and sea
And make just laws below the sun,
As planets faithful be.
"I cause from every creature
His proper good to flow:
As much as he is and doeth,
So much he shall bestow."
*R. W. Emerson.*
There is no reasonable explanation why William
Hooper together with Thomas Marshall, should leave England in 1635
unless the "trades" were disturbed to such extent that there was little
manufacture. Added to this is the fact that between 1630 and 1640
religious persecution was at its height. During this period was
the largest emigration of Englishmen to New England. Charles I.
was ruling England without a Parliament, and was levying a direct tax
on the people to support the government. As shown after, by the
Long Parliament, this period, 1630-40, marked the decline in England's
prosperity,--a decline she was long years in recovering from. The
king's two advisers were Thomas Wentworth (Earl of Stafford) and
William Laud. Bishop Laud was born in Reading, England, "the son
of a weaver."
If William Hooper was a "weaver,"--and he probably
was, for he mentions "my Loombs and all my Tackling" in his will in
1678,--he came from some place of manufature in England.
In 1635 the only town of considerable importance
in manufacture that was *close* to the "port of London" was Reading,
about thirty-five miles distant from London. The town at that
time had a population of 35,000. Its situation was on the Thames
at its confluence with the river Kennet. A beautiful town, as
well as one of considerable note. It's is possible that here was
the *birthplace* of William Hooper.
A little closer inspection of the recods of
"Redding," Mass., discloses the fact that among those "twelve first
settlers in Redding" was one Dea. Thomas Parker. Mr. Parker was
born in Reading, England, in 1605. He sailed from the port of
London in the "Susan and Ellen," April 13, 1635. He sailed three
months in advance of Hooper and Marshall; came from Reading in England,
where "Loombs and Tackling" were in use, sailed from the same port as
Hooper and Marshall did a little later, and is recorded in Lynn (Mass.)
records (together with Thomas Marshall) as having settled in Lynn in
He was one of the "original settlers" in "Redding,"
Mass., together with Hooper and Marshall, in 1642. The historian
of the town of Reading (Mass.) claims that these three men were
related. Thomas Marshall is named as "my brother" in William
Hooper's will, in 1678. This circumstantial evidence does not
*prove* the birthplace of William Hooper; but, until some one disproves
it, Reading in England is the possible early home of our William
Hooper. It is further possible, that these three men have the
honor of naming Reading, Mass., and in memory of their English home.
In 1639 settlers at "Lynn Commons" petition the
Colony Court for the right to change the name of Lynn Commons to
"Redding," and ask to be allowed to be incorporated as a separate
town. The answer to this petition was that, when "Lynn Commons"
had a settlement of twelve families and could support a minister, the
petition would be granted. The names of the signers to this
petition were lost, but it is claimed in the History of Reading that
William Hooper's name was among them.
Reading in 1642 was a wide-spreading country,
including all of what is now known as Wakefield and South Reading.
The land was originally bought from the Indians of
Plymouthy Colony for L10 16s., and the deed may still be seen, signed
by Sagamore George, his sister Abigail, and Quannapoint. "In a
few weeks the first settlers had a comfortable cabin, and in two years
fields of corn and wheat, with a young orchard started" ("Recollections
of Rev. Timothy Flint," p. 11). But it was not until after long
that they had any manufacture or much trade, for they were isolated and
from those settlements that had better opportunities. There was
to the Indians, and the internal conditions were such taht there was
education in schools. Indeed, the twon was complained of as late
1680 for having "too poor a school." Although such men as "Thomas
Bancrofte" and "Captayne Marshall" write a clear and legible hand, it
was quite uncommon among the townspeople, as the Registry of Deeds and
the records in the Probate Office for Middlesex County will show.
William Hooper is the person named as bing absent
from home in 1675, "in a battle against the Indians in Middlesex
County." His name does not appear often in the county and town
records. It is shown, by the town books, that he was taxed in
1642; was a member of the
church in 1642-44. He recieves several "allottments" of
fifty acres in 1658, and another of ten acres in that same year, on the
In 1669 he sells his "now dwelling house in Redding"
to Mrs. Mary Hodgman, and the record to be found in Middlesex Deeds,
vol. 4, p. 331, is interesting as showing the form of an original old
and in this case that the wife of William Hooper in 1669 was "Ruth
who relinquishes her right and title in the state:--
"Know all men by these p'sents . yt [sic] I
William Hooper of Redding, in the County of Middlesex in New England
for divers causes and consideration moueing me Therearon to and
especially for and in consideration of the sume of twenty six pounds to
me in hand paid by Mary hogman at or before the sealing hereof whereof
& wherewith I do
Acknowledge myselfe fully satisfied and contented and thereof and every
thereof do exhonorate aquit and discharge the afore said Mary hodgman
heirs and executors and assigns forever and do by these presents give
bargaine enfoffe and confirme unto the said Mary Hodgman my now
being sittewated in Redding with fower acres of land thereunto
adjoining, with the orchard garden fencing therunto belonging & is
bounded on ye north with ye High Waye and on the East wth [w and a
small th] The Lande of
Isaac Harte and on ye South with ye Lande of Robert Burnap Junr &
ye weste wth [w and small th] the Lande of Thomas Kendall To have and
hold the said house & the fower acres of Lande be it more or less
the orchard garden and fencing and every part and parcell thereof as it
butted and bounded as above said. To the propper use and behoofe
the aforesaid Mary hodgman her heirs executors and assigns forever and
the said William Hooper do give grante assigne enfoffe the right title
or demand that euer that the said William Hooper have or euer had in
of the said premises unto the said Mary hodgman her heirs, executors or
or from any other person or persons whatsoever Laying any title claim
interest thereto by from or under me.
"7th d. 4th mo. 1669."
The names of the children of William Hooper, taken
from the Reading records and Savage's Genealogical Dictionary, vol. 2,
p. 450, "all born in Redding."
Whether "Ruth Hooper" was the mother of these
children (she was the mother of Thomas and John) does not appear:--
"Mary, b. 1647.
James, b. and d. 1649.
Susan, b. 1650.
Ruth, b. 1653.
Rebecca, b. 1656.
William, b. 1658.
Hannah, b. 1662.
Elizabeth, b. 1665.
Thomas, b. 1668.
*John*, b. 1670.
William (2) Hooper, b. 1658; m. Susanna
______. He was a selectman in Reading, and died in 1692. Of
his children whose births were recorded in Reading were William,
Elizabeth, and Ruth. Elizabeth m. Enoch Leonard, of Bridgewater,
Mass., in 1707. Ruth m. John Bolton, of Bridgewater, 1710.
Of the children whose births were *unrecorded* were Susanna, who died
in Billerica, Mass., 1738. In her will she mentions "sisters
Elizabeth Leonard and Ruth Bolton, of Bridgewater." The will of
Susanna Hooper is probated at East Cambridge, Mass. (Middlesex
Wills, vol. 22, p. 783). Another child was John (3) Hooper, whose
birth is not recorded in Reading records. He m. and settled in
Bridgewater, Mass., before 1703. He became the father of a
numberous posterity, which is scattered throughout New England and the
West. (See Mitchell's History of Bridgewater.)
William Hooper died in Reading in 1679. The
town records show the following entry in their books:--
"1679: died this day in 62nd year of his
life--William Hooper--one of the first sttlers in the town."
The burial was in the old cemetery which is
described as "so far from the church." It was ordered by the town
in 1668 "to fence the grave yard with pine *rayles*." Rev.
Jonathan Pierpont, "a Godly and learned man," officiated at the funeral
Mr. Hooper was survived by his widow Ruth and nine
children, with possibly others whose births wer unrecorded.
Abstract from the last Will and Testament of William
Hooper, made on this "ffifth day of August, 1678":--
"I give half my lands Upland and meddow to my wife
during her life. And the other half of my lands and meddow I give
to my son William and his heirs forever. And my will is that he
shall imporve them all: And his mother to have halfe the profit
her life. And at her discease He my son William to have all myt
and meddow and Cattle: And to pay to my six children that are
unmarried ffive pounds apiece as they shall come to age. But he
shall not pay any for two years after my discease. My will is
that my two younger sons shall be with their mother and my son William
till they be fifteen
years of age, to be helpful to them. And then my will is that
may be set to some Trade. And if any of them have a mind to be a
Weaver. Then I doo will him to have all my Loombs and all my
Tackling to them. And my household stuffs. I give it all to
my wife to be at her own
Disposal. But if my wife should marry. All my Lands and
shall be my son Williams. Only the household goods: to bee
wifes as willed. And my will is that my brother Captayne Marshall
my cousin Ensigne Bancrofte be my overseers to this my last will as
said."--*Middlesex Probate Records*, 1679, 17, 4, vol. 5, p. 323.
To the Inventory of the estate "Captayne Marshall"
signs his name as Thomas Marshall, and "Ensigne Bancrofte as Thomas
On Nov. 10, 1684, "Ruth, widow of William Hooper,"
becomes the second wife of Thomas Dutton, of Billerica, Mass. (History
of Billerica, p. 45).
Some of the Maine Hoopers, (those of Biddeford),
claim that William (1) Hooper was made a "freeman" in Biddeford in
1648. There is no truth in this claim. He was a "freeman"
in "Redding" in 1648, and the records of the town show that he was
living there on this date. There is no official record in New
England to show that William Hooper
ever lived elsewhere than in "Redding."
John (2) Hooper, b, in "Redding," Mass., 1670; m.
Charity Kay (sometimes recorded as Key or Keay) before 1701. Her
name appears in the "Province of Mayne" records before 1650. Her
father was John Kay. (See Province of Mayne Probate
Records.) John Kay was a Scotchman. The family came early
into Maine, but how early cannot be stated positively. The family
surname appears frequently in the court records of "ye old Province of
Mayne," between the years "1636 to 1686." They may have come into
Maine at the time of the settlement of the Piscataqua, when "the
Laconia grant" was made to Sir Fernando Gorges. It is more
likely, however, shown by the court records, that they were one
of those Scotch families who were "disaffected with King Charles I.,"
were complained of as "discontented spirits, hostile to the government
the established church who are now settling on the grants made by the
Company." It is many years since the name of Kay or Keay has
in York County records.
The children of John (2) and Charity Hooper, all
born in Kittery, afterward known as Berwick, and now known as South
John, b. Jan. 14, 1701; d. 1802.
Samuel, b. Feb. 17, 1704; d. 1705.
Charity, b. Jan. 17, 1707.
Samuel, b. April 9, 1709.
Mary, b. April 15, 1711.
Joseph, b. Jan. 27, 1713.
Noah, b. and d. in Berwick, April 11,
Love, b. April 28, 1717.
*William*, b. April 26, 1719; *bap.*
July 13, 1719.
Benjamin, b. Feb. 13, 1721; "dismissed to the church
in Biddeford, Me., July 28, 1743." He is the ancestor of the
Biddeford Hoopers; and some of his descendants are the Hooopers of
Charlestown, Mass., whose names are found in the early records of that
time. Benjamin Hooper was on the "committee of safety" in
Biddeford, during the Revolution. He was also a captain, during
the Revolutionary War, of one of the Biddeford companies; d. "1802, age
Solomon, b. Jan. 22, 1722; m. Bridget______; d. 1789.
The name of John (2) Hooper appears on the bond of
Mrs. Susanna Hooper, of "Redding," in the settlement of the estate of
"my late disceased husband William Hooper October 25, 1692" (Middlesex
County Probate Records, vol. 8, p. 16).
The name of John Hooper appears again on the
petition of Mrs. Mary Taylor, of "Redding," Nov. 14, 1695, requesting
that her son, James Taylor, may be appointed administrator of the
estate of "my late disceased husband Thomas Taylor" (Middlesex County
Probate Records, vol. 7, p. 333).
After 1695 we find no one bearing the surname of
Hooper remaining in "Redding." John Hooper probably left
soon after this date. It may possibly be he whose name, "John
Hooper," appears in the records of the French and Indian Wars.
Also his elder brother Thomas (b. 1668), who is mentioned in the
father's will as one of
"my two younger sons," may be the same Thomas Hooper whose name is also
connected with this war.
The name of this brother Thomas (2) Hooper appears
in Kittery records for the first time April 7, 1696.
Quarterly sessions held at York, April 7, 1696.
"We present Thomas Hooper for not ffrequenting the
public worship of God on ye Lords day" (Part II. Book 5, Fol. 8, York
March 5, 1697-98, Thomas Hooper sells to Henry
Barter, of Kittery, "27 acres or more which was bequeathed unto sd
Hoopers wife, Elizabeth by Cap'tn ffrancis Champernown Esq'r De'cd and
Since Delieuvd unto s'd Hooper by Mrs. Mary Champernoune Relict and
Executrix of ye Deed," etc. (York Deeds, Book VII. Folio 42).
"At a legal town meeting held at Kittery May 16,
1699: Granted unto Thomas Hooper twenty acres of land provided he
it within one year."
"For ye year 1714: Paid Thomas Hooper L.5. by John
Hooper treasurer of Berwick, by the account presented by constable
Joseph Abbott" (Book I. p. 38, Berwick Town Records).
Kittery, Me., was incorporated as a town Oct. 20,
1647. At this time her territory included all of the Berwicks and
Eliot. Berwick was set off from Kittery, and incorporated as a
town, June 9, 1713.
John (2) Hooper, in 1704, bought land from James
Emery. His name had not appeared previous to this, in York
although in the Kittery town records it is shown that John and Charity
had a son, John, Jr., born in 1701. This land of Hooper's
from Emery, in 1704, is described in part as "a certain piece of land
bounded on ye west by ye country road in Kittery, on ye north and south
and east by
Philip Hubbards land, and is a part of Lot of Land on which my father
live, and is excepted out of it when he sold to Philip Hubbard, and
opposite against ye south east corner of Philip Hubbards orchard" (York
Book 7, Folio 1).
On Jan. 26, 1716, John Hooper bought the farm owned
in 1704 by Philip Hubbard and Elizabeth Hubbard, his mother,-- "50
acres of land be it more or less with ye barn, ye dwelling house
orchard land and buildings" (York Deeds, Book 8, Folio 200). On
this last date, 1716, he had a large farm.
At this point the writer wishes to consider the
evidence which seems to connect the John Hooper, of Kittery, Maine,
with the John Hooper born in "Redding," Mass., in 1670. It is
necessary to do this, because this claim has been questioned. The
party who has thus questioned and doubted was justified in doing
so. A genealogical chain is only as strong as its *weakest*
link. And when two separate families claim John (2) Hooper of
"Redding" as their lineal ancestor, the one family living in
Massachusetts and the other in Maine, it makes a conservative mind
cautious about accepting as a *fact*, what had become only a
"tradition" with the Maine Hoopers, --that their lineal ancestor, John
Hooper, of Kittery in 1701, was the son of William Hooper, who came to
New England in the "James" in
1635, and settled "Redding," Mass. It is necessary to state that
"vital statistics" has been discovered by the writer, or by any
descendant of William (1) Hooper, which connects him with a John
Hooper, either in Massachusetts, or in Maine, after the birth of the
son John, in Redding, Mass., in 1670. Among the Massachusetts
Hoopers there was not even this "tradition" which the writer found
among the Maine Hoopers when she commenced these records. It
would be confusing to introduce the questions raised by the
Massachusetts Hooper in his objections to this claim made in
Maine. The writer has been carefully through all the records of
Plymouth County and Middlesex County in Massachusetts, and of York
County in Maine, and with the following results, which has confirmed
her in a belief that the "tradition" found in
Maine is to be accepted as a truth. Whether she is correct in her
is for the Hoopers to decide. First, it is a self-evident fact
if John (2) Hooper left "Redding" about 1695 (and his name disappeared
Middlesex records in 1695), and there is no record of his death in
Massachusetts, it was necessary for him to settle elsewhere. A
John Hooper *is* in the Kittery records in 1701. A search in the
York County records in Maine, disclosed the fact that *before* this
date, 1701, with the one exception of Thomas Hooper, *no one baring
this family surname had ever lived in York County.* A further
search disclosed another fact: that the recorded ages of the children
born to Thomas Hooper and his wife, Elizabeth (Small) Hooper (these
births are recorded in the years between 1693-1705), make it possible
that the father of these children was the Thomas Hooper born in
"Redding" in 1668. These records show that those children were
*daughters*. After all these long years it will be impossible to
decide what motives there were which led Thomas and John Hooper to
settle in Kittery. But the town records of Berwick, Me., as
already stated, show that Thomas Hooper, together with John Hooper,
were in the *same town* in 1714, --Berwick, Me. If it is true,
that these two men -- Thomas and John Hooper -- were brothers, and were
in the same war together, it is clearly understood that in going into
Maine and Canada they probably travelled over "that lonely road that
runs close to the oceanside (to prevent a surprise from the Indians),
and was from Boston to Portsmouth, New Hampshire." They saw the
mountain Agamenticus in the distance, and doubtlessly crossed the
Piscataqua into Kittery. One fact is evident in the records of
York County, --that, if one cannot determine from *whence* these two
men came into Kittery, it is certain they both found a wife there; for
Elizabeth Small was in the
family of Sir Francis Champernowne, and, as already has been shown,
Hooper's wife, Charity, was the daughter of John Kay, which family had
long in the "Province of Mayne."
To the bond of Mrs. Susanna Hooper in "Redding,"
John Hooper's signature appears in a writing that is clear and
distinct. He spells his name HOOPER, and not "huper," "hopper,"
or "hupper." In the early deeds, in York County, this name is
frequently written with a small *h* and is "huper," "hoper," or
"Hupper." This fact was a very troublesome one to the writer, for
it was impossible to understand how the same person could change the
spelling of his own name inside of six years. A long search
failed to disclose the written signature of John Hooper in York
County. To be sure, John Hooper was for several years town
treasurer of Berwick, and it was hardly supposable that a man holding
such an office could not write his own name. Still, the *written
signature* could not be found, or any proof that he did not change the
writing of his name to "huper" after he went into Maine. At last
the writer discovered her
own blunder. She had been reading the deeds wherein John Hooper
the *grantee*, and not the grantor. And thus *the name had been
by other parties*. After a long time a deed was discovered which
the date 1721, in whcih John Hooper's name appears for the first time
a grantor in York County. In this deed he writes his name JOHN
and names, "my wife Charity." With the aide of tracing paper, a
of the two signatures of John Hooper in Middlesex records was made,
when compared with the signature of John Hooper to the deed of 1721 in
County, Maine, were found to be so very like as to leave no doubt in
mind of the compiler of these records that *the three signatures were
by the same hand*. Before introducing this deed as evidence, the
will again refer to the "traditon" in Maine. It is to be
that of John (2) Hooper's children three sons, John, b. 1701, lived
1802; William, b. 1719, d. in Berwick, 1809; Benjamin, b. 1721, d. in
1802. Their father died in Berwick in 1761. You will note
the birth of one son, John, Jr., covers a century. If you think
you will find it hard to believe that these three sons did not know the
*birthplace* of their own father; further, that it will be equally hard
believe that they never heard the *Christian name* of their grandfather
and never learned where he lived and died. Admit this much, and
is easily understood what foundation the Maine Hoopers have for the
that they are descended from William (1) Hooper, of "Redding."
It is well for the Maine Hoopers to have a record of
this deed: "To all People to whom these presents shall Come John Hooper
of ye town of Barwick in ye County of York in his Majestyes Province of
ye Maisachusetts Bay in New England Cordwainer & Charity ye wife of
s'd John Hooper sendeth Greeting. Know ye for divers good causes
hereunto moving & more Especially for & in Consideration of ye
and whole sum of One hundred and Thirty pounds Current money of New
to us in hand well and truly paid before ye signing and sealing of
presents by Daniel Stone of ye town of Barwick afores'd Cordwainer ye
thereof we do acknowledge ouselves fully Sattisfyed Contented &
for every part, have given granted Bargained & Sold & do by
presents for ourselves onr heirs Executors Administrators & Assigns
fully & freely & absolutely give grant Bargain Sell aleine
assign Convey pass over & confirm unto him ye fores'd Daniel Stone
his heirs Executors administrators and assigns forever a Certain peece
tract of land Containing Three Quarters of One acre & Eleven Rods
thereabouts lying between and Situated in ye town of Barwich afors'd
with ye Dwelling-house Barn outhouses & orchards & fences &
fencing Stuff & all
whatsoever Standing Lying or growing in or upon s'd land being butted
bounded as Follweth," etc.
"In witness whereof we ye fores'd John Hooper and
Charity his wife have hereunto set our hands & seals this fourth
day of December Anno Domini one Thousand Seven Hundred and twenty one
& in ye eighth year of King George reign," etc.
JOHN HOOPER O
her mark [a squiggle]
Signed Sealed &
Delivered in the pres-
ence of us
MOSES GOODWIN his mark X
THOMAS ABBOTT his mark X
York fs Dec. 27, 1721.
The above named John Hooper & Charity his wife
Came before me & acknowledged ye above written Instrument to be
their free act and deed
CHARLES FFROST *Jus
Recorded according to ye originall Dec'r 27th 1721
ABRAM PREBLE *Reg'r*."
(York Deeds, Book X. Folio 234.)
John Hooper was on the building committee of the
little church in Kittery in 1704. He succeeded Mr. Philip Hubbard
as town clerk and treasurer in 1712, and continued in office until
He was made a deacon of the First Congregational Church in 1721.
was active in county and town affairs, --a selectman, moderator at town
meetings, and often one of the grand jurors. The county records
that he was appointed to settle disputes "out of court"; and his name
more frequently than that of any other man in York County, in the
of estates. He died in 1761. The date of the death of his
Charity is not known; but, as she is not mentioned in her husband's
it is probable that she had already died. They are buried on
farm at "Old Fields," Berwick, now owned by Mr. Isaac Libbey, a lineal
THE WILL OF JOHN HOOPER.
"In the name of God Amen: I, John Hooper of
Berwick, in the County of York, within ye Province of ye Massachusetts
in New England, cordwainer, being aged and infirm of body, but of sound
mind and memory, expecting the time to be near that I must die, and to
prevent difference in my family aobut my estate do make and ordain this
my last Will and Testament. Resigning my soul into the hands of
God my Creator in Christ my redeemer, and my body to a decent Christian
burial as my executor shall think most convenient, hoping for a
resurection among the Just.
"What estate it has pleased God to bless me with
in this life, I give, devise and bequeath and dispose of the same in
following manner. *Viz*:--- First my will is that all my just and
honest debts be well and truly paid by my son Solomon Hooper, who I
sole executor of this my last Will and testament.
"Item: I give and bequeath unto my son John
Hooper 13. pounds five shillings and eight pence lawful money, or an
equivalent thereto of Good vendable lumber of that value at money
price, to be paid by my son Solomon Hooper, my executor, in one year
after my discease, at some
convenient landing place in Berwick aforesaid without interest. I
give my son John one half of all my common rights undevided in Berwick.
"Item: I give and bequeath unto my son Samuel
Hooper 9 pounds six shillings and eight pence lawful money or an
equivalent thereto in cattle or good vendable lumber of that value at
money price to be paid by my son Solomon Hooper, my executor, in one
years time. after my discease, at some convenient landing place, in
said Berwick without interest.
"Item: I give and bequeath unto my sons
William and Benjamin, to each of them, nine pounds, six shillings and
eight pence lawful money or an equivalent in good vendable lumber, to
that value at money price at some convenient landing place in Berwick
within one year after
my discease, said sum to be paid to each of them said William and
by my son Solomon my executor.
"Item: If any of my said sons John, Samuel,
Benjamin, William, or either of them shall die befoe their respective
legacies above mentioned shall become due, the same shall be paid to
their respective heirs, or lawful representatives and all without
interest if within one year after my disease.
"Item: My three daughters namely Charity Key,
Mary Shorey, and Love Sprague having already had what I intended to
give each of them for their portion, my will is that my son Solomon pay
to each of them the said Charity, Mary and Love his sisters five
shillings lawful money out of my estate which shall be in full of their
portion of the same.
"Item: I give and bequeath unto my son Solomon
Hooper and his heirs and assigns forever all of my house and land where
I now live in Berwick: tillage lands, mowing lands, pasture lands,
woodlands, marshes, meadows, and one half part of all my common rights
undevided, and all the residue of my estate real and personal in
And in any and every place and places whatsoever, money, goods and
of every sort and kind; debts, dues and demands be the same more or
my said son Solomon paying all debts and legacies in this my will
mentioned and ordained to be paid.
"Lastly: I hereby revoke and disallow every
other former will and wills, testament, legacies and bequests, by me in
any manner before this made by word or writing. Ratifying and
allowing this and no other to be my last will and testament.
"In witness whereof, I the said John Hooper herunto
set my hand and seal the 22d day of May 1756."
JOHN HOOPER his mark X."
nessed, pronounced and
declared by the said
John Hooper to be his
last will and testament
in the presence of us.
Recorded from the original
Probated 7th day of January
Will recorded in Probate
Office York Co.
Letter administration and
275. Vol. 10.
William Hooper, b. at "Old Fields," Berwick, April
29, 1719; m. Oct. 29, 1743, Elizabeth Emery, b. at "Old Fields," Sept.
24, 1725. She was the daughter of Elder Daniel (4) Emery and Mrs.
Mary (Lord) Hodgdon. The line of Elizabeth Emery's ancestors is
Anthony Emery, second son of John and Agnes Emery,
was b. in Romsey, Hants, England; m. Frances_______. He came to
America in 1635. He was in Dover, N.H., about 1640, and October
22 of that same year he signed the "Dover Combination." He kept
an oridinary at Dover Neck. He removed to Kittery, Me., in
1649. He was juryman several times, selectman 1652, 1659, and
constable. At four different times he received grants of land
from the town. He was one of the forty-one inhabitants of Kittery
who acknowledged themselves subject to the government of "Massachusetts
Bay, Nove. 16, 1652." In 1656 he was fined L5 for mutinous
courage in questioning the authority of the court of Kittery,
and in 1660 again fined for entertaining Quakers. In 1660 he sold
his house and all his lands to his son James, and moved with his wife
Portsmouth, R.I. (The writer has seen the record of the above
Anthony Emery was made a "freeman" in Portsmouth, Sept. 29, 1660.
He served as juryman on several occasions, was chosen constable June 4,
1666, and deputy to the General Court, April 25, 1672. There is
record of his death or place of burial.
James (2) Emery came to America with his father in
1635; m. first Elizabeth_______ (she d. after 1687); m. second,
Elizabeth Pidge, of Dedham, Mass (Dedham Records, p. 27). James
Emery had grants of land in Kittery, 1674, 1676, 1677, 1684, 1685,
1692, 1693, 1695; elected represtntative to the General Court, 1693,
1695; grand juror and constable 1670; d. 1705. It is related that
when he went to Boston his carriage was a chair placed on an ox-cart
drawn by a yoke of steers, as there was not a carriage in Kittery
strong enough to carry him. He was a large man, weighing three
hundred and fifty pounds.
Daniel (3) Emery was b. in Kittery, Nov. 15, 1678;
m. March 17, 1695, Margerett Gown (her mother was Elizabeth Frost,
daughter of Nicholas ffrost, and her uncle Charles ffrost was one of
the first "Chief Justices" appointed in "ye old Province of
Mayne." He was a very distinguished man, as shown by public
Daniel (3) Emery was a noted land surveyor in York
County. He was appointed by the General Court to mark the line
between the common rights of Berwick and Kittery, and to mark the
division between Kittery and Berwick. He was one of the
"foundation members" of the Congregational Church, and was chosen elder
Nov. 11, 1720. He died in Berwick, Oct. 15, 1722. Will was
probated Nov. 8, 1722.
His wife Margerett (Gowen) Emery d. in Berwick Nov. 21, 1751.
Elder Daniel (4) Emery, b. June 25, 1697; m. June
16, 1720, Mrs. Mary (Lord) Hodgdon. He d. September, 1779.
probated Oct. 4. 1779. His sixth child, Elizabeth Emery, m.
William (3) Hooper.
The children of William (3) and Elizabeth (Emery)
Daniel, b. 1744; m. Sept. 24, 1761, [but then the 6
is written over to an 8 indicating 1781 in the same exact handwriting
and ink used in the very first page of this book that lists it as being
number "18" in this limited private circulation printing] Hannah Heard,
and settled in Lebanon, Me., where he d. March 24, 1820. He was a
soldier in the Revolutionary War, and served in a New Hampshire company
(see Military Rolls of New Hampshire).
*William*, b. 1746; *bap.* 1746; m. June 21, 1770,
Mary Lord, daughter of Abraham and Elizabeth (Davis) Lord.
Elizabeth, *bap.* July 28, 1751; d. young.
Noah, *bap.* Nov. 15, 1755. A soldier in the
Elizabeth, *bap.* Sept. 13, 1761; m. Sept. 13, 1779,
Tristram Heard. He was in the same New Hampshire company with
Daniel Hooper, who afterwards became his brother-in-law.
John (4) *bap.* July 25, 1761; m. May 11, 1784,
Elizabeth Plaisted; m. second, Mrs. Jane Wood. He was the father
of fifteen children. He lived after 1796 on the William (3)
Hooper farm in Berwick. He d. in the home of his unmarried
daughter in Dover, N.H., March 8, 1844. His eldest child was
Frances Hooper, who married James Lord. Of their children,
William F. Lord, born May 17, 1819, was well known as the historian of
Berwick; and to his daughter, Mrs. Frances Hooper Moore, the writer is
indebted for assistance in her researches in Berwick. Another
descendant of John Hooper is Mrs. Anna M. McCoy, of New York City.
John (4) Hooper's son, John (5) Hooper, m. Caroline
Cushing, and lived on "Mast Road," Dover, N.H. Among his
grandchildren are Dr. Fred Hooper Hayes and Mr. Frank Hooper, of Dover,
Mary, b. March 29, 1764; m. Love Keay.
Sarah, *bap.* May 14, 1767; m. June 29, 1790, Rev.
Martha, *bap.* May 14, 1767; m. Richard Hovey.
James, b. Dec. 17, 1769; *bap.* Feb. 5, 1772; m.
Sally Merrill, of New Gloucester (she d. January 1802); m., second,
Elizabeth Hubbard. He had two children by his first marriage,
of whom died in 1803.
Mr. Hooper became the first settled minister of the
town of Paris, Me. He was ordained in 1795, and the ordination
services were held in a barn. His brother, Rev. William Hooper,
of Berwick, preached the ordination sermon. He occupied the
position as "first minister
of the town of Paris" until his death in 1842. Mr. Hooper
the town of Paris in the legislature several times, and was on the
in the convention in Brunswick to frame the State Constitution.
nephew, George Plaisted Hooper, lived with him, and had charge of his
He died, leaving no descendants.
The History of Paris, Me., gives a full account of
Rev. James Hooper.
"William (3) Hooper died in Berwick, Me., July 26,
1809, in Ninety-first year of his age; his widow, Elizabeth (Emery)
Hooper died January, 1812, age eighty-seven" (Berwick Town Records).
On April 30, 1744, William (3) Hooper bought from
Thomas Wooster a tract of land, "five acres more or less," which was in
the north parish, five miles north of the homestead of his
father. It was "bounded southerly by the common way leading from
Great Falls to Salmon Falls road, westerly by land of Joshua Roberts,
and easterly by land
of Moses Nock," etc. (York Deeds, vol. 25, pp. 66, 67).
This deed describes the land on which William Hooper
built his house in 1744-45. It is still standing, and is in good
condition. In this house the children of William and Elizabeth
Hooper were born, with the possible exception of Daniel, the
Across the road he built a tannery and shoe-shop, and he is described
York Deeds as a "Cordwainer."
In 1746-47 William Hooper was a private in George
Berry's company, Sergeant James Tuttle in command.
Mr. Hooper, with his family, worshipped until 1766,
in the South Parish, in the church of his childhood, where his wife's
father was ruling elder, and his own father was a deacon. In this
church all his children were christened. It is a tradition in the
in pleasant weather they walked to the church, a distance of five
when the snow was too deep, they were taken on an ox-sled. When
Hooper built his house, his farm was surrounded by Indians, with whom
always lived on friendly terms.
On April 16, 1766, Mr. Hooper connected himself with
the "Blackberry Hill meeting-house." It was in the north part of
the town, at a distance of about three miles from the William Hooper
farm. His neighbor and friend was the learned Mathew
Merriam. This church was Congregational, as was the one in the
"South parish," Berwick.
"April 1766: admitted to this church William Hooper,
and wife Elizabeth Hooper: also Elizabeth wife of the minister.
MATHEW MERRIAM *pastor*."
In 1775 the little meeting-house at Blackberry Hill
became divided on "the validity of infant baptism." Mr. William
Hooper was one of those who insisted upon "immersion as the only form
of baptism." He was with the less powerful in the church, but was
evidently a leader in the opposition. This disaffection
culminated finally, so far as Mr. Hooper was concerned, in 1782, as
shown by the following votes:--
"1782, January: *Voted*: that a committee be
appointed to wait upon Mr. William Hooper to learn his reasons for
absenting himself from church.
"MATHEW MERRIAM *pastor*."
The committee waited upon Mr. Hooper, and reported:--
"April 1782: The committee above mentioned
made a report that Mr. William Hooper gave as a reason for absenting
himself from church that he had scruples against infant baptism: also
that he thought the church was too arbitrary in admitting members; that
the officers of the church managed it too much themselves; therefore
voted to wait upon him
in hopes that his scruples may be removed.
"MATHEW MERRIAM *pastor*."
Mr. Hooper's name does not appear again in the
These Blackberry Hill Meeting-house records are
interesting, as giving one an accurate knowledge of the lives of the
different families in the church. A woman was suspended as a
communicant because she was "a common news-monger," another was a
"scold," and still another one, a man, was prohibited from church
attendance "until he keeps sober," etc. The two ruling elders
were very arbitrary in action and narrow of vision. As you read
the records, you feel quite certain they worshipped themselves a little
more than they did their Maker. They had the same jealousies, the
same petty minds, in church mattes that one finds in later generations.
Mr. Hooper's name appears frequently as one of the
grand jurymen for York County. He is selectman nearly all of
those years from 1761-84. In the year 1776 his name disappears
Board of Selectmen. He was serving during this year, as a
in Captain William Pearson's company. "Enlisted Jan. 24, 1776;
to Aug. 31, 1776, 7 mo. 7 days; also, 2d Corporal same co.; service
Sept. 1, 1776 to Nov. 18, 1776; company stationed for defence of sea
In the records of the twon of Berwick (p. 299), one
may read this warrant for a town meeting, which is of interest to the
William (3) Hooper descendants:--
"Likewise to see what methods the town will take
to get pay of the people for powder they received in the year
1775-1776. Also: to see if the town will give the selectmen any
instruction respecting taxes Mr. William Hooper for this year and the
year 1776." It is possible that Mr. Hooper's activity, as a
member of the Board of Selectmen in getting men to enlist and devising
means to carry on the war, then his own enlistment for 1776, together
with his age, made him an object of special favor in
the abatement of his taxes. No other name appears on the town
"Mr. William Hooper," and his son William, as "Jr.; Elder; or Rev.
Berwick, during the Revolutionary period, was a
scattered settlement, composed entirely of farms. They were
isolated, and were exposed to peculiar dangers during this
period. The town meetings, held alternately at the south and
north end of the town, at the hour of one o'clock in the afternoon,
were most fully represented by the inhabitants. A few lines from
the town records are worth presenting in connection with the name of
William Hooper, who was frequently the moderator at these meetings,
and, as has been shown, he was at this time a member of the Board of
"Berwick, May 31, 1774.
"To the Honorable, the Delegates
of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay in Provincial Congress at Watertown
convened: The petition of the Freeholders and Inhabitants of the
town of Berwick,
in the County of York in town meeting convened humbly showeth:
the harbors of York and Kittery, within the said county, lie open to
now known enemies, and the lives and properties of the inhabitants
thereof and the neighboring Towns along the sea coast exposed to the
ravages and depredations of the Enemy and the remaining part of the
inhabitants of this and the neighboring Towns labor under the
disagreeable for a scant of arms and amunition, of
being unable to defend themselves, their wives and children and
should a descent be made by the Kings troups on this coast, which they
the greatest reason to fear, will inevitably be the cost. Your
petitioners humbly pray this Honorable House in their great wisdom to
take the premises into consideration and that they will despatch one or
more of the companies in the services of the Colony in order to guard
and defend the coast, and enable them by raising more troops in the
service of the Colony in some
measure to defend themselves."
"We acknowledge and profess faithful allegiance to
our faithful sovereign, King George the Third, and are willing at all
times to risk our lives and our fortunes in defence of his person and
his family, but at the same time must earnestly insist for those rights
and liberties we are entitled to by the laws of God, Nature and the
Constitution of the Province. Therefore, *Resolved*: That no
power on earth has any just right to impose taxes upon us but the Great
and General Court of this Province, and all others are unconstitutional
and not to be submitted to," etc. Berwick, May 31, 1774.
"York ss. In full meeting warned for the
purpose and holden to instruct the Representative of this town of
Berwick, resolved: that should the Honorable Congress for the safety of
the Colonies declare themselves independent of Great Britian, we the
inhabitants of said town will solomly engage with our lives and our
fortunes to support them in the measures and will use every honorable
means to further the cause of independence."
It is claimed by some of the descendants of William
(3) Hooper that he left his farm to his son John (4), by Will.
But the Probate Records of York County show that William Hooper left no
will. His farm was disposed of in the following deed:--
"I William Hooper, cordwainer," etc., "town of
Berwick, county of York," etc., "to John Hooper Junr, his heirs and
assigns forever: all the homestead, barn, wherein I now do dwell,
in Berwick aforesaid, containing seventy acres more or less bounded
easterly by Salmon Falls road, leading from Quamphegan to Pine Hill,
and partly by land of Samuel Colley, southerly by Salmon Falls river
and northerly by land of Joshua Roberts, and part
or partly by land of Moses Nock: Also one other tract of land
containing five acres more or less, bounded southerly by common way
leading from Great Falls to Salmon Falls road, westerly by land of
Joshua Roberts, and easterly by land of Moses Nock, to have and to
JUNE 29, 1796.
Recorded in York Deeds, Book 60, p. 5.
The wife, Elizabeth, does not sign this deed.
It is probable that "John Hooper Junr" was the son of William (3)
Hooper. His descendants, who have always lived in Berwick, claim
him as such. The York deeds have many records wherein one party
will name himself Jr. to a father who has a Christian name entirely
different from his own.
This deed, by its boundaries, clearly describes the
farm of William (3) Hooper. here he and his wife Elizabeth passed
their married life, and they both are buried on Hooper's Hill, on the
farm. Recently the graves have been enclosed, and a simple
monument has been erected to perpetuate their names. A tablet has
also been erected in memory of John (2) and Charity Hooper, who are
buried at "Old Fields," South Berwick.
William (4) Hooper, b. in Berwick, Me., 1746; m.
June 21, 1770, Mary Lord.
Mary Lord was the only daughter of Deacon Abraham
and Elizabeth (Davis) Lord. She was born, as were her six
brothers (five of whom became Baptist ministers), in the old Garrison
House which stood until lately on the Richard Tozer farm in Berwick,
Me. Richard Tozer was killed by the Indians, Oct. 16, 1675.
His daughter, Martha Tozer, married Nathan Lord, Jr. Their son,
Captain Samuel Lord (the father of Deacon Abraham Lord) married in
Kittery, Me., Oct. 19, 1710, Martha Wentworth, daughter of Paul (2)
Wentworth, of Dover, N.H. Mary (Lord) Hooper d. in Madbury, N.H.,
Jan. 7, 1826, "aged 84."
Rev. William Hooper m. (second) Mrs. Sarah
Demeritt. He d., January, 1827, "aged 80 yrs"; and both he and
his first wife (Mary) are buried on the Rev. William Hooper farm in
Madbury, N.H. Headstones mark their graves, and the records of
the deaths may be found in the *Strafford County Gazette* printed at
Children of Rev. William and Mary (Lord) Hooper
Mary, b. March 27, 1771, in Berwick, Me.; m. by her
father in Madbury, N.H., Nov. 9, 1800, to David Hill, of Durham.
She was living in 1827, as the settlement of her father's estate will
Elizabeth, b. 1773, in Berwick; d. in Madbury, Nov.
Noah, b. Oct. 9, 1776, in Berwick; m. by his father,
June 23, 1796, to Elizabeth Kelley, of Durham. He was a Baptist
minister, settled in Dover, N.H., in Belfast, Me., and in other
places. He d. in Berwick, Me., 1854, and is buried with his wife
in the Lord Cemetery in Berwick. He had a large family. Of
these children Noah Hooper, Jr., b. Nov. 11, 1806, was a Baptist
minister; settled for many years in Exeter, N.H., where he d. in
1896. Joseph, b. Nov. 5, 1818; m. Helen Maria Wallingford; d. in
Portland, Ore., April 4, 1854.
*John*, b. July 4, 1778, in Berwick, Me.; m. by his
father, Rev. William Hooper, Jan. 22, 1799, to Susan Meserve, of
Durham, N.H. (Old Madbury Town Records, Book 2, p. 44).
James, b. 1780; d. in Paris, Me., June 6,
1849. He is buried in the tomb with his uncle, Rev. James Hooper,
whose name he bore.
Sarah, b. 1782; m. by her father, July 17, 1802,
to Chesley, of Durham, N.H.; d. in Madbury, 1818; is buried beside her
father and mother. There is a very large family of Chesley
Samuel Lord, b. 1785, in Madbury, N.H.; m. March
12, 1807, Polly Clark, of Berwick, Me.; d. in Madbury, Sept. 19,
1807. Son, Samuel, b. in Madbury, 1807; d. in Berwick, Me., April
3, 1831. The record of deaths of Samuel L., and Samuel, his son,
are taken from the headstones.
In this burial lot, on the Rev. william Hooper farm,
are the graves of Rev. William and wife, *Mary*, daughter Elizabeth,
and Mrs. Chesley, the *son John Hooper*, and Samuel L. and grandson,
The widow of Samuel L. Hooper became the wife of
Ebenezer Meserve, of Dover, N.H., before 1831.
Rev. William Hooper was ordained as "the first
Baptist minister in the State of Maine, April, 1776." At this
time he was thirty years of age. He had been married for six
years. He was christened, 1746, in the Congregational church, in
which church his gradfather, John (2) Hooper, was deacon. What
reasons there were for his change in faith does not now appear.
It is probable that he settled soon after
his marriage at "Old Fields." There is the tradition in the
family, that his father William (3) Hooper built a house for him, next
to his own, on Hooper Hill; but there is no record which verifies the
statement. The name of William Hooper, Jr., does not appear in
connection with any deed before 1778, and then, *in the State of New
Hampshire*. When William (3) Hooper sells his "homestead" to John
Hooper, Jr., in 1796, no mention of any other house is made in
connection with the property. The two houses that were built on
the William Hooper farm, were probably built *after* 1796.
The little church in which William Hooper was
ordained "stood on land adjoining John (2) Hooper's house." There
was also a parsonage next to the little church which was occupied by
the minister. A record of the "Early churches of Berwick" gives a
description of this church and parsonage. The ordination sermon
of William Hooper was given
by Rev. Hezekiah Smith, of Haverhill, assisted by Dr. Samuel
Shepard. It is evident that Mr. Hooper had a respectable
following into the Baptist faith, as shown by town records (Book 2, p.
"This is to certify to the assessors of the South
Parish that Jeremiah Wise, Jonathan Abbott, Joshua Abbott, Elisha
Grant, Stephen Nason, Thomas Goodwin, 3d, Theophulus Abbott, Jacob
Nason, James Grant attend worship (public) with the Baptist Society in
this town on the
"WILLIAM HOOPER ELDER."
MAY 21, 1778.
There are other town records showing admittance to
this Baptist Church.
In the "South Parish" of Berwick were born all of
the children of Re. William Hooper, with the possible exception of
James, Sarah, and Samuel L.
After his ordination Mr. Hooper devoted the
remainder of his life to establishing Baptist churches in Maine and New
Hampshire. While he appears in the records as "of Berwick and
Madbury," he not only had the control of these churches for a long
number of years, but, as the records of the Baptist denomination will
show, he was a constant preacher in conferences and churches
elsewhere. He was not a learned man in the sense with which we
speak of learning, at the present time; but he lived with the
companionship of the strongest men intellectually in the two States of
Maine and New Hampshire. He has been described by those who knew
him as "like a steam-engine, with tremendous force and energy. He
would walk long distances through unbroken paths to help struggling
churches. He rode in the saddle as he grew older," and "never
failed to keep an appointment of any kind." His most marked
feature was his mouth, which showed great firmness and decision of
character. He had great gentleness and tenderness with
children. he was something above the average in height, but in
his old age leaned heavily on a cane."
Rev. William Hooper was assessor for the "South
Parish" in Berwick for the years 1775-77 (Town Records, pp. 225-228).
David Benedict, in his "Baptist Denomination in
America" (1820), p. 152, says:--
"Dr. Shepard and Rev. William
Hooper, of Berwick, now of Madbury, were the principal promoters of the
new Hampshire Baptist Association."
The town records of Berwick show that Rev. William
Hooper united many persons in marriage, while the town records of
Madbury show that from 1778 until 1820 he performed the marriage
ceremony in some families for two generations; and many came to him
from the adjoining towns of Dover and Durham.
Of course, he came close to all these families in
One can never approach the Revolutionary period
without a feeling of great sadness in recalling the great loss of life
in those small communities, the poverty and suffering of the people,
and the courage and patience and heroism with which they met everything
during those long years of privation and hardships. Rev. William
Hooper is described as addressing town meetings in the two counties of
York and Strafford, speaking to the people in barns, and travelling
long distances from farm to farm, all
in the cause of independence, and urging men to enlist. The women
old men and the children left at home are described in *The Town Book*
Berwick as melting all their pewter into bullets. These women
ploughed the land and planted the corn. In this OLD TOWN BOOK may
be found the military service of Rev. William Hooper. He enlisted
in the year 1780, and "served 3 mos. at West Point; 3 mos. at Falmouth;
in Capt. Jonathan Hamilton's company." He was probably a
chaplain, although it is not so stated; but parties at the State House
in Boston, who have charge of the military archives in which are kept
the records of the Revolutionary soldiers, believe this to be so,
because "it would be hard to think of such a man serving
in the ranks." The tradition that he was a chaplain is probably
On April 27, 1778, William Hooper, of Berwick,
receives from John Roberts, of Madbury, N.H., a deed showing purchase
of thrity-nine and one-half acres of land from Roberts. For this
land he pays L630 (Strafford County Deeds, Book 3, p. 124).
This deed describes the land on which in 1780-81
William Hooper made his home. The house has been burned, but the
cellar remains. In the opposite field are the Hooper
It was once a part of "ancient Dover." This first purchase of
was added to from time to time, until in 1827 (as shown by the
to the estate) it included one hundred acres. The farm is now
by Mr. James H. Dailey, and is the finest within the boundaries of the
The Madbury town records of Dec. 22, 1777, has the
"*Voted:* that we are willing that Rev. William
Hooper shall preach the Gospel to us" (Book 1, p. 104).
The above is the date on which his name appears,
for the first time, on the Madbury records, and the following is the
of the first marriage in Madbury at which he officiated, "Dec. 15,
It is probable that Re. William Hooper commenced
his Baptist missionary work in Madbury by preaching in private houses,
or possibly in barns, about the time of the record, 1777.
"1780: Dec. Voted that we build a
gallery and put seats in the town house for the preaching of Rev.
Mr. Hooper did something besides preaching to the
people of Madbury and Durham. He was moderator at many of the
town meetings after 1781; was a selectman, and served on the most
important committees appointed by the town.
"At a legal town meeting held in the Parish house
Jan. 4, 1781:--
"Voted: to choose a
committee and the committee to consist of 7 to examine the proposed
form of Government for New Hampshire: Reverend William Hooper is
of this committee."
"At a town meeting held Nov. 5, 1782, Rev. William
Hooper is chosen chairman of the committee to examine and report on the
proposed form of Government for New Hampshire."
"At a legal town meeting at Madbury Aug. 8, 1791,
The Reverend William Hooper a
delegate to join the Committee at Concord to revise the Constitution of
sd State, and to correct any violation thereof, and to make such
therein as by experience may be found necessary. John Demeritt
clerk."--*Madbury Town Records*.
Rev. William Hooper was sent as the delegate from
Madbury, N.H., to the convention of delegates that met in Exeter, N.H.,
Feb. 13, 1789, to investigate, discuss, and decide whether the Federal
Constitution of the United States should be accepted by the State of
New Hampshire. It had already received the approval of six
States, -- Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut,
"The Convention was a notable body of men.
It was composed of men who had been the leading spirits in the state
during the Revolutionary epoch, men for the most part of marked ability
and commanding talents. Among these delegates was Gov. John
Sullivan of Durham, John Langdon and John Pickering of Portsmouth,
Josiah Bartlett of Kingston, Rev. William Hooper of Madbury, John
Taylor Gilman of Exeter and Dr. Ezra Green of Dover; the Convention was
held in the Court House; Gov. John Sullivan was chosen President and
John Calfe secretary."
As in Massachusetts, the delegates from the smaller
towns in New Hampshire were strongly anti-Federalists. Many of
them came to Exeter instructed by their constituents to vote against
the Constitution. The discussion of the instrument throughout the
country was at its height. The leading defender of the
Constitution was Governor John Sullivan, and with him were the two
Langdons, John and Samuel Livermore, Josiah Bartlett, John Pickering,
John Taylor Gilman, and Benjamin Bellows.
The leaders of the oppostion, --Joseph Badger, Rev.
William Hooper, Joshua Atherton, Abial Parker, and Jonathan Dow,
--although men with less intellectual training, as the debate
progressed, had the advantage of the larger following. Very
little is known concerning the detailed proceedings of the convention,
since its journal gives but a most meagre
account of its work, and the deliberations and debates were
never reported. The opponents of the Constitution reproduced the
which had just been urged in Massachusetts. The complained of the
of a religious test. They denounced the twenty years' sufferance
the foreign slave trade. Sullivan, Langdon, Livermore, explained
defended, but they wished to avoid a vote, fearing rejection of the
So, after a seven days' session, an adjournment was secured for the
of giving the delegates an opportunity to confer with their
constituents. The place of meeting was changed from Exeter to
Concord, and the time for meeting was fixed for the thrid Wednesday in
"The failure of New Hampshire to ratify was the
first serious check the Constitution had met with, and its friends, as
the news travelled westward and southward, were much depressed."
Washington had voiced the general feeling of the
friends of the Constitution, when he wrote to General Knox from Mount
under date of March 30: "The conduct of the state of New Hampshire has
baffled all calculation, and has come extremely *malapropos* for a
decision on the proposed constituion in this state; for, be the real
of the late adjournment what it may, the Anti-Federal party with us do
scruple to pronounce that it was done to await the issue of this
before it would decide, and add, that, if this state should reject it,
those who are to follow will do the same, and consequently it cannot
as there will be only eight states in favor of the measure. Had
not been for this unavailing in this state, notwithstanding the unfair
might without much impropriety made use of a harsher expression)
which has been practised to rouse the fears and to inflame the minds of
the people." To John Langdon he wrote in a similar vein three
later, as follows: "Circumstanced as your convention was, an
was certainly prudent, but it has happened very *malapropos* for this
because the concurrent information from that quarter (New Hampshire)
have justified the expectation of a unanimity in the convention."
"It is easy to see that the action of New Hampshire
was awaited with intense interest by the whole country. No one
felt a greater anxiety as to the result than Alexander Hamilton, as the
following letter of his, published for the first time in Lodge's recent
edition of Hamilton's Works, indicates:--
YORK, JUNE 6, 1788.
To John Sullivan, Esquire,
*President of the State of New
*Dear Sir*: You will no doubt have understood
that the anit-federal party has prevailed in this state by a large
majority. It is therefore of the utmost importance that all
external circumstances should be made use of to influence their
conduct. This will suggest to you the *great advantage* of a
speedy decision in your state, if you can be sure of the question, and
a prompt communication of the event to us. With this view, permit
me to request that the instant you have taken a decisive vote in favor
of the constitution, you send an express to me at Poughkeepsie.
Let him take the *shortest route* to that place, change horses on the
road, and use all possible diligence. I shall with pleasure
expenses, and give a liberal reward to the person. As I suspect
effort will be made to precipitate us, all possible *safe* dispatch on
your part, as well to obtain a decision as to communicate the
of it, will be desireable.
"This letter of Hamilton's very likely had its
inflence in hastening the decision of the New Hampshire convention.
"It met at Concord on Wednesday, the 18th of June,
in the Old North Meeting-house. Four days served for the
discussion of the constitution, for the preparation and recommendation
of twelve articles of amendment."
"The Constitution was adopted by the New Hampshire
delegates on Saturday, June 21, 1788. She was the ninth state to
ratify, thus giving the instrument binding force." -- *New Hampshire
the Federal Constitution*.
The will of Rev. William Hooper was signed on "this
fourth day of January 1827" (Probate Records of Strafford County,
New Hampshire, Book 35, p. 237).
In this will he mentions son John, Noah, and James,
also grandson Samuel Hooper and daughter Mary Hill. He leaves to
one of his grand-children the "red broad cloth cloak belonging to my
John (5) Hooper, b. in Berwick, July 4, 1778; m.
by his father, Jan. 22, 1799, to Susan Meserve of Durham, N.H.
(Old Madbury Records, Book 2, p. 44).
Susan Meserve was the daughter of Colonel Ebenezer
and Eunice (Torr or Tarr) Meserve. The Meserves were a
distinguished family in New Hampshire during the Revolution.
Children of John Hooper and Susan Meserve were:--
Eunice, b. 1799; m. Timothy Glover; d. June 8, 1859;
c., William, Ivory, Rockwood, and others.
Mary, b. March 5, 1801.
Irene P., b. Jan. 4, 1804; m. James Stanyon.
*John*, b. Dec. 12, 1805.
William, b. ___; m. Abbie Bean, of Bangor, Me.
Ivory, b. 1809; d. 1831.
Sarah, b. 1811; m. Channey Jordan, 1832; d. in
Roxbury, April 27, 1863; c., Augustus C. Jordan, m. Clara Walker;
Jennie, m. Daniel S. Meserve; Susan, m. _____Bigelow, in San Francisco.
Hannah, b. ___; m. Dwight Parson, of Bangor, Me.
Sylvester M., b. 1816; m. ____; c., Sylvester;
James, b. ___.
The children of John (5) and Susan (Meserve) Hooper
were born in Madbury, with the exception of Sylvester M. and James
John Hooper (5) was a farmer, and lived on land
described in deed, "Footman to Hooper" (see Strafford County
records). This farm was near to the one owned by his father, Rev.
William. He held some town offices; and it is claimed that he
also was a Baptist minister, which is very likely true, as his name
appears on several records as "preaching to the people in a
barn." He d. while living in Roxbury, Mass., Oct. 18, 1828.
His widow, who lived after her husband's death in the family of her
daughter, Mrs. Sarah (Hooper) Jordan, died in Roxbury, April, 1863, and
is buried in West Roxbury, in the Jordan burial lot.
John (6) Hooper was b. in Madbury, N.H., Dec. 12,
1805. He spent his young boyhood on the Hooper farm in Madbury,
in the family of his grandfather, Rev. William Hooper. He m. Feb.
26, 1833, Martha Stanwood Perry, of Orono, Me.
Martha S. Perry was b. in Brunswick, Me., Feb. 27,
1811; d. in San Francisco, Cal., Feb. 28, 1900. She was the
daughter of Deacon John and Jane (Stanwood) Perry. Her father,
Perry, was a merchant, and a deacon in the First Congregational Church
Brunswick, and later was the first deacon in the Congregational church
Orono, Me. While in Brunswick, Deacon Perry "organized the first
in the town and in the state." A memorial window was dedicated to
his memory in this church in Brunswick, Me., Dec. 4, 1894. On
occasion Edward Beecher Mason, D.D., quoted the following from Mr.
"I have before me the original journal kept by Mr.
Perry, in which he gives an account of what led him to undertake the
formation of a Sunday-school. It is dated 'in the year 1811 &
12.' He says: 'Sometime in the winter I saw a newspaper
containing an account of a Sunday-school in England. I enquired
of Rev. Mr. Winthrop Bailey, then our minister, and also of President
Appleton what they thought of them and how they were conducted.
They both thought favorably of them, but could give no account of how
they were managed. They thought however that nothing but reading,
and that of religious nature ought to be allowed in the school.
This led me to make another enquiry, which was this, --Can a. b. c.
scholars be admitted? And after deliberation, say a month or two,
they decided that they m ght [sic] be admitted, and assigned for
deviation of this rule, that unless children were taught a. b. c. they
never could read the Bible."
The father of Deacon John Perry was Captain John
Perry, of Rehoboth. He was born in Rehoboth, Mass., Aug. 7, 1736
(the son of John, b. March 11, 1700-01, the grandson of Nathaniel, b.
8, 1660, and the great-grandson of Anthony Perry. See Vital
of Rehoboth, Mass.).
Captain John Perry married Leaffe Walker, April 16,
1761. She was born in Rehoboth, Mass., Aug. 4, 1742, the daughter
of Timothy, Jr., and Elizabeth Walker. Her father was a captain
of a militia company when he was the representative to the General
Court of Massachusetts in 1757, 1758, 1759. The Journals of the
show that Colonel Timothy Walker was the delegate from Rehoboth,
The Records in the Military Archives of Massachusetts rank him as
who "marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775, for Lexington." His
John Perry, was a captain in the same regiment.
The father of Jane Stanwood, who married Deacon John
Perry, of Brunswick, and Orono, Me., was Colonel William
Stanwood. Mr. Stanwood receives this title of "Colonel" as a
colonel of a regiment
of the Maine militia, after the Revolutionary War. "He was a
*lieutenant*, and had a long and honorable record in the
Revolution." Colonel Stanwood was born in Brunswick, Me., April
5, 1752. "He was, perhaps, the
most prominent Stanwood who has ever lived in Brunswick" (Mrs. Ethel
Stanwood Bolton, in "A History of the Stanwood Family in America," p.
He transferred to the President and Trustees of Bowdoin College, in
"fifty acres of land." The land thus transferred comprises what
now the *campus*. In 1798 he was made an overseer of the college,
held the postion until May 16, 1815, when he resigned it by
Colonel William Stanwood was a representative in 1794-95. He died
Brunswick, June 24, 1829. The eldest child of William and Hannah
Stanwood, *Jennet*, b. July 3, 1784; m. Deacon John Perry.
John (6) Hooper sailed on the "Star Pacific" from
Boston, and landed in San Francisco, Cal., July, 1851.
We take the following from *The Bay of San
"John Hooper, whos perosnal history is inseparably
connected with the State of California, began his residence here in
1851. He engaged in business, and at once became an important
factor in the building of the great Commonwealth. His ancestors
were from England, and were early settlers in New Hampshire. The
first year he engaged in the lumber business at the corner of Jackson
and Stockton Streets, his stock being
brought from New York and Boston. In 1854 he became connected
mines in Amador County. He built the mills and founded and named
town of Plymouth. Later he engaged in the grain business in San
having dropped mining at the end of seventeen years.
"His first vote was cast for the Whig party, and
upon the organization of the Republican party he gave it his
and he has not missed a Presidential vote since his majority.
the trying times of excitement in the early history of the state, Mr.
Hooper was one of the first to join the vigilance committee, and, when
the great civil war broke out, he stood like a rock in favor of the
Union, and in every
honorable way used his influence and money to perpetuate the government
the United States. Before going to California Mr. Hooper was a
in Bangor, Me. John (6) Hooper d. in San Francisco, Oct. 3, 1892.
Children of John and Martha (Perry) Hooper, b. in
Bangor, Me., were:--
Mary Jane, b. Nov. 6, 1833; d. June 9, 1851.
William Horace, b. Nov. 20, 1834; m. Helen Van
Netter. He d. Feb. 1, 1879.
Franklin Perry, b. Oct. 6, 1836; d. July 3, 1904.
John Albert, b. Sept. 25, 1838; m. Mary Campbell
Brown, of Orono, Me., June 21, 1866; c., Albert, b. Aug. 14, 1867;
Alice, Jessie, Jeanette, Frank, Arthur.
Martha Eleanor, b. Feb. 27, 1841; d. 1842.
*Charles Appleton*, b. March 14, 1843; m. Ida Geneva
Isabel Williams, b. May 2, 1845; m. William E.
Norwood, of Camden, Me.; c., Evelyn Perry, b. in San Francisco, 1871.
George William, b. June 29, 1847; m. Saphronia
Arthur Appleton, b. Nov. 27, 1850; d. Aug. 25, 1898.
Charles Appleton Hooper, b. March 14, 1843; m. June
7, 1880, Ida Geneva Snow; c., Isabel Martha, *Idolene Snow*.
Idolene Snow Hooper, b. in San Francisco, Cal., Feb.
2, 1883; m. to Sumner Crosby of Brookline, Mass., Aug. 6, 1901.
[END OF BOOK]
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